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About Beer

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'When water was turned into wine, it was described as a miracle...
But making beer from barley is rather more difficult, since a harvest of golden grain produces beer only as a result of profound and natural chemical reactions and enormous skill from maltsters and brewers.'

'The ultimate encyclopedia of beer' by Roger Protz

Beer Drinking

'Asking for a beer is a vague statement of intent. Many take beer for granted, assuming that a glass of beer has little to offer beyond quenching a thirst and providing intoxication. But beer is much more than a chilled Pilsner on a hot day. You should never rush a good beer. The anticipation is part of the enjoyment. Take the trouble to pour the beer carefully into a clean glass, ensuring a reasonable head. First drink with your eyes and appreciate the colours in your beer. Even a dark stout conceals a ruby in its depth. Don’t necessarily worry if the beer is not sparkling and bright. Some brews, yeasty wheat beers from Germany for example, are meant to be cloudy. Then savour the aroma. Some have a subtle scent,others can be almost overpowering, but all should be enticing. At last, let the beer flow right over your tongue to pick up all the different taste sensations. Then swallow and wait. Savour the flavours left behind. A good beer should linger long on the palate. The taste should not be strangled in your throat. Generally, the best beer of most is on draught and the closer the pub or bar to the brewery, the better the beer.'

The World Encyclopedia of Beer. Brian Glover

Fancy a beer my fellow cave man?

Apparently, beer was the first alcoholic beverage known to civilization.

Historians say that the first bowl of fermented barley mash might have been slurped back in 25,000 B.C. Although there are no records to prove it, the story goes that a man sat in his cave preparing a bowl of prehistoric cereal-grain and water when wild beasts charging through the woods caught his attention. Distracted by his carnivorous cravings, the man grabbed his club and pursued the animals, leaving his mash to turn into mush. Three days later, the man returned to his cave and delighted in the taste of his accidental concoction.

In more recent years, the earliest written records of beer and its consumption, 1880 BC were found inscribed on stone tablets in Mesopotamia and painted inside Egyptian tombs. By 1350 BC Pharaohs decreed beer Egypt's national beverage. More nutritious than its modern day counterparts, beer ensured a longer life span for those who chose it over water. Doctors prescribed it as an antidote for scorpion bites and offered a foam-soaked onion to folks on their deathbeds as a final attempt to sustain life.
Centuries later, in medieval England, new brides offered ale to gift-bearing guests attending their wedding reception. The cluster of friends helping to serve the beverage became known as the bride-ale or bridal-party.

In 1492, when Christopher Columbus reached the New World, he was surprised to find that Native Americans had already created a maize-flavored brew.Thanks to innovative Bavarian monks who wanted a beer less prone to spoilage, lagers were invented. These parishioners from 500 years ago aged their brews in wooden casks stored in cold alpine caverns.


For thousands of years, brewers around the world have been perfecting and diversifying their potions. But no matter how much each new batch differs from the ones before it, most beers fall into two categories:

1. Ales (top-fermented - its yeast rises to the top)

They use top fermented yeasts and are typically stored for about two weeks. Most ales are bitter and heavily hopped in flavor.

2. Lagers (bottom-fermented - its yeast sinks to the bottom.)

They use bottom fermented yeasts and are stored for about five weeks after brewing, which results in a full-bodied, smoother flavor than ales. Lagers range in color from gold (Pilsner) to auburn (Marzen) to brown (Dunkles), but each of those beers are lager style.


Bitter - a high hops concentration and a bitter taste

Mild - dark-hued, mildly hopped, well-malted, and sweet

Pale - light-colored and tangy

Brown - dark-colored and sweeter than pales

Porter - dark, full-bodied, and moderately hopped-originated as a blend of ale and two other brews

Amber - halfway between dark and pale in color

Stout - darker, richer, fuller-bodied, maltier, and hoppier than porter


Pilsner - pale and golden-hued with a dry, crisp, and moderately malted flavor

Bock - dark, strong, and malty

The Brew That Stands Alone

Wheat Beer -
German-made wheat beers deserve their own category. These acidy, malty brews are made with a moderate amount of hops and both wheat and barley malts and have an enormous head. Just after bottling, brewers add an extra dose of yeast to give the beverage a second fermentation-creating sediment, a cloudy color, and a yeasty taste.

Brewing process

Brewing process is divided into six stages:

1. grinding
2. mashing
3. boiling
4. cooling
5. fermenting
6. racking

The malt is cleaned and crushed, the ground malt called 'grist' is mixed with hot water in a vessel called a 'mash tun', then this is allowed to stand, the process is called mashing. Subsequently the resulting liquid, now called 'wort' is run into coppers where it is boiled with hops. The hopped wort is then cooled and dropped into fermenting vessels, and mixed with yeast, this process lasts about five or six days. At the end of fermentation the product now called beer is run into casks, this is known as racking

A sip more...

Drinking beer in moderation reduces stress and high blood pressure, is good for the circulation and lowers the risk of heart disease. Beer is a beverage containing low levels of alcohol (0.5-5%). Beer should be drunk for your enjoyment of the taste, to delight your senses and to aid digestion, not to get drunk.
Through moderate drinking, we get the positive effects of beer without being overwhelmed with an excessive amount of alcohol.

Beer is healthier than water?

Beer contains bitter hop resins that make people calm and also contribute to the secretion of bile, thus positively influencing digestion. A calm and happy person enjoys his/her meal and digests better. Furthermore, beer stimulates the appetite. This can lead to a higher food intake and may result in putting on weight. You do not get fatter by drinking beer, but by an increased consumption of other kinds of foodstuffs. According to research, the risk of obesity is lower in people consuming moderate amounts of beer than in either teetotallers or heavy drinkers. Beer contains 400 to 500 calories per litre, not as high as in apple juice, milk or cola.

Only in excessive amounts may it be harmful. Some non-alcoholic beverages of poor quality, full of synthetic dyes and artificial additives, are more detrimental to health than is beer. Beer contains many vitamins and other ingredients that may help prevent arterial sclerosis if consumed in moderation. By drinking approximately one litre of beer daily, people gain roughly 20% of RDA (Recommended Daily Allowance) of vitamin B2; 35% of RDA of vitamin B6; 50% of RDA of niacin and 25% of RDA of pantothenic acid. One litre of beer contains on average 200 mg of biologically active substances. Reasonable consumption of beer (of up to between one and two litres per day) contributes to a higher blood level of HDL cholesterol, which counteracts arterial sclerosis, without adversely affecting the total content of cholesterol in the bloodstream. Vitamins B and folic acid are contained in all beers.
In each litre of beer, the average levels of vitamins acquired by the body are as follows:

Vitamin B1 - thiamin
(3% of RDA) Thiamin degrades accharides in the tissue, i.e., gives energy to the body. Furthermore, it is beneficial in terms of one`s growth, digestion and nervous system activity.
Vitamin B2 - riboflavin
(20% of RDA) - Riboflavin accounts for a group of oxidation-reduction enzymes important for the body.
(45 % of RDA) - Niacin largely contributes to the nutrition of cells. It actuates energy release from fats and saccharides and the accumulation of energy in the body. Niacin is part of two co-enzymes. It helps to synthesise fat and cholesterol.
Vitamin B6 - pyridoxin
(31 % of RDA) -  Pyridoxine plays an important part in metabolism and in protein absorption. It regulates the role of fats and saccharides, contributing to the functioning of the nervous system and to the formation of red blood cells. 
Folic acid
(52 % of RDA)  -  Folic acid is the main vitamin supporting the formation of red blood cells, the metabolism of amino acids and the renewal of all cells in the body.

Energy in beer

Beer has a nutritive value as a consequence of saccharides (10% of RDA in one litre = approximately 400 to 500 kcal/litre of beer), vitamins, proteins, flavinoids and a significant amount of minerals - potassium in particular.

Oestrogen in beer

Beer contains substances similar to hormones, called isoflavinoids, which have slight oestrogenic effects. Their influence on the human body is still being studied. It is thought that isoflavinoids might increase or potentiate the level of this type of hormones, which are important mainly for the metabolism of calcium in post-menopausal women as isoflavinoids can help in the prevention of osteoporosis, to a certain degree.
Their concentration in beer is very low. Pilsner Urquell, for example, contains approximately 20 nmol/l. he concentration of isoflavinoids in other Czech lagers is substantially lower, at about 5 nmol/l.

Alcohol in the body

About one-fifth of alcohol is absorbed by the stomach and the rest by the intestines. It appears in the blood as quickly as within five minutes of consumption. Ethyl alcohol is decomposed to acetaldehyde which is turned into acetic acid in the liver. Through complex processes, acetic acid is converted into water and carbon dioxide in the tissues. About 90% of alcohol is eliminated in this manner; about three per cent is excreted in the urine; seven per cent is eliminated by the lungs, and a tiny amount through the epidermis.
The elimination of alcohol takes at least ten to twelve hours and sometimes as long as twenty-four.

The time needed for the breakdown of alcohol differs in each human body, depending on a range of aspects. Besides gender and weight, it is influenced by your state of health, the level of tiredness and also by how quickly you have drunk your beer over the last one or two hours. The heavier-built you are, the longer it takes before alcohol is eliminated.

What Goes In...

When you have a drink, the alcohol is absorbed directly into your bloodstream through the stomach and small intestine. The more you drink, the more alcohol will be absorbed, and the higher your BAC (blood alcohol concentration) will rise. Given enough time — typically 30 to 90 minutes or longer — alcohol is distributed evenly throughout your body.

...Must Come Out

Like most things we eat or drink, alcohol must be broken down and eliminated. It takes much longer to eliminate alcohol from your body than it does to drink it. Most alcohol is destroyed by a process called oxidation, which breaks alcohol down into carbon dioxide and water. More than 90% of the alcohol is oxidized in the liver. The rest is eliminated, unchanged, through the lungs and kidneys. The liver’s capacity to break down and dispose of alcohol is limited — it takes just under two hours for a standard serving of alcohol.

As you drink, alcohol is absorbed into your bloodstream and your BAC rises quickly to a peak. If you stop drinking, your BAC levels off. It can remain the same for as long as an hour or two because alcohol is entering your bloodstream at the same rate as it is eliminated. Your BAC will then decline steadily by approximately .015 per hour. It is important to remember that your BAC can rise much more quickly than it falls.

The world encyclopedia of beer
The ultimate encyclopedia of beer
Plzensky Prazdroj
The ABCs of Alcohol


Some Croatian Beers

Barok - Carlsberg Croatia

Birra Fiumana - Buzetska Pivovara

Blagdansko - Carlsberg Croatia

Božićno Pivo - Christmas Blond - Alc.Vol 6% - Zagrebačka Pivovara

Božićno Pivo is a seasonal specialty beer, available only for the Christmas period. One of its charms is the exclusive label designed for each year. It is a full flavour blond beer with a rich golden colour and an alcohol content of 6% vol. It is best served at 4C.

Crystal - Lager, Pilsener - Alc.Vol. 4.8% - Karlovačka Pivovara

Dioklecijan - Jadranska Pivovara Split

Esseker Pils - Lager - Alc.Vol.5% - Osječka Pivovara

Pale yellow, dry, very light bodied, big late bitterness. Thirst quenching pils.

Favorit - Buzetska Pivovara

Kaj - Carlberg Croatia

Karlovačko Svijetlo Pivo - Lager - Alc.Vol. 5.4% - Karlovačka Pivovara

Karlovačko Crno - Porter - Alc.Vol. 6% - Karlovačka Pivovara

Marmont - Jadranska Pivovara Split 
Medvedgrad Crna Kraljica - Lager, Dark - Pivnica Medvedgrad

Dark brown, very hazy. Creamy. Malty, big chocolate flavour. Bitter finish. Good beer!
Medvedgrad Mrki Medvjed, draught - Lager, Dark - Pivnica Medvedgrad

Semi dark lager. Nut brown colour. Judging from both appearance and flavour it might be a mix of Crna Kraljica and Zlatni Medvjed. Anyhow it is a tasty dark lager with some chocolate flavour and bitter finish.

Medvedgrad Pšenično Pivo - Wheat beer - Pivnica Medvedgrad

Golden coloured. Clear. Fruity, tastes like crystal malt. Some wheat flavour. Somewhat sweetish. Clean, low bitterness. Good,but not my favourite of the selection at the brewpub.

Medvedgrad Zlatni Medvjed, draught - Lager - Pivnica Medvedgrad

Pale yellow, very hazy, creamy head. Malty, dry but with some apple aroma. Big hop bitterness. Good German style pilsener, like the ones at for instance Hausbrauerei Altstadthof in Nürnberg.

Osječko Crno 1697 - Lager Dark - Alc.Vol. 5.0% - Osječka Pivovara

Dark chestnut brown. Balanced sweetness, aromatic with flavour of saaz hops. Nice late bitterness.

Osječko Pivo - Lager - Alc.Vol. 4.7% - Osječka Pivovara

Pale golden colour with slight chill haze. Normal head. Dry, medium bodied, slightly bready. Well hopped (with saaz hops, I believe). Hint of diacetyl. Good pilsener very much in a Czechish style.

Ožujsko Pivo - Lager - Zagrebačka Pivovara

Ožujsko pivo

Ožujsko Pivo is Croatia's leading mainstream pils, which dates from 1893.
It is a blond beer with an alcohol content of 5.2% vol. The selection of hops and barley gives Ožujsko a refreshing taste and fine bitter aroma. It should be served at 3C with compact foam.

Pan Svijetlo Pivo - Lager - Carlsberg Croatia

Per's comments from tasting it on draught in Zagreb:
Yellow, creamy head. Slight chill haze. Light bodied, slightly grassy. Smooth with not much bitterness. OK for thirst cleansing on a hot day.
Per's comments from tasting it canned at OMH ratings:
Yellow. Strange, extremely revolting fatty odor. Rotting flesh? Light body, clean, low bitterness, but who cares - with that odor it's undrinkable anyway... Something has gone very wrong here.

Pšenično pivo - Wheat Beer - Alc.Vol 5.0% - Zagrebačka Pivovara

Rally Bezalkoholno Pivo - Alc. Vol. 0.5% - Karlovačka Pivovara

Sourish lemon aroma.

StaroČesko Svijetlo Pivo - Lager - Alc.Vol 5.2% - Daruvarska Pivovara

Pale yellow with creamy head. Light bodied, somewhat fatty with some bitterness.

Splitsko Pivo - Jadranska Pivovara Split 
Tomislav Pivo - Porter/Stout - Alc.Vol 7.3% - Zagrebačka Pivovara

Tomislav Pivo, made with 18% malt extract.
The strongest beer in Croatia, introduced in 1925. The use of double malted barley gives this dark lager its full taste and special aroma, much appreciated by connoisseurs. Has an alcohol content of 7.3% Vol, and should be served at 8C.
Per's comments:
Black with creamy head. Big maltiness, slightly vinuous, plum character. Finishes with lingering hop bitterness. Superb beer.
Velebitsko Pivo - Lager - Alc.Vol. 5.4% - Pivovara Ličanka

Velebitsko crno - Pivovara Ličanka

Zimsko Pivo - Lager, Bock - Alc.Vol. 6% - Karlovačka Pivovara

Golden coloured. Medium bodied, slightly vinuos. Relative high bitterness.


Comments on Some Croatian Beers by Per from >> Ohhh...My Head...


Breweries in Croatia

Buzetska Pivovara - Microbrewery
Sveti Ivan 6
52420 Buzet

Pivnica i Pivovara Cimper
Rudarska ulica 1
Mursko Središće

Daruvarska Pivovara- Regional Brewery - Opened 1840
Reljkovićeva 2
43500 Daruvar

Jadranska Pivovara Split - Microbrewery
Vranjicki Put b.b.
21211 Vranjic

Kahli Beer - Microbrewery
 Marofska 48
Varaždin - Kučan Marof
Karlovačka Pivovara - Large Brewery - Opened 1854.
Dubovac 22
47000 Karlovac

Križevačka Pivnica - Microbrewery
48260 Križevci

Pivovara Ličanka -  Microbrewery - Opened 1997.
Novoselija b.b.
53213 Donje Pazarište

Pivovara Lošinj - Microbrewery
Kalvarija b.b.
Mali Lošinj

Osječka Pivovara- Regional Brewery - Opened 1697.
Vukovarska cesta 312
31000 Osijek

Otočačka Pivovara - Microbrewery

Carlsberg Croatia -  Microbrewery - Opened 1898.
Ulica Danica 3
48000 Koprivnica

Pivnica Francuz - Brewpub - Opened 1997.
52000 Pazin

Pivnica Uncle George - Brewpub
51000 Rijeka

Pivovara Valalta - Brewpub - Opened 1997.
Valalta d.o.o.
Cesta Valalta - Lim bb
52210 Rovinj

Pivovara Regent - Microbrewery

Pivovara i Pivnica Medvedgrad - Brewpub - Opened 1994.
Savska 56
10000 Zagreb

Zagrebačka Pivovara - Large Brewery - Opened 1892.
Ilica 224
10 000 Zagreb

Zlatorog Varaždin- Regional Brewery
V. Novaka b.b.
42000 Varaždin

Pivovara Županja - Microbrewery



Vote for your favourite beers...

1. Pivoteka (In Croatian)

2. Vote for Ožujsko Pivo @     or send e-beer-card >>> Send this beer

Ožujsko Pivo is Croatia's leading mainstream pils, which dates from 1893. It is a blond beer with an alcohol content of 5.2% vol. The selection of hops and barley gives Ožujsko a refreshing taste and fine bitter aroma. It should be served at 3C with compact foam.

3. Vote for Tomislav Pivo  Beer Top100!


Tomislav Pivo, made with 18% malt extract.
The strongest beer in Croatia, introduced in 1925. The use of double malted barley gives this dark lager its full taste and special aroma, much appreciated by connoisseurs.
Tomislav Pivo has an alcohol content of 7.3% vol, and should be served at 8C.
4. Croatian Beers @
To get a list of Beers: Select Country & Highest Rating then click on Search.  

Beer Sites

R.I.P The Beer Hunter


One, two, three...for a great start...

1. Henry's Beer Links

2. Bov's Beer Links

3. the Price of a Pint



Beer Facts, Quotes and Funny Thoughts

Beer or Two Throughout History

It was the accepted practice in Babylon 4,000 years ago that for a month after the wedding, the bride's father would supply his son-in-law with all the mead he could drink. Mead is a honey beer and because their calendar was lunar based, this period was called the honey month we know today as the honeymoon.

Before thermometers were invented, brewers would dip a thumb or finger into the mix to find the right temperature for adding yeast. Too cold, and the yeast wouldn't grow. Too hot, and the yeast would die. This thumb in the beer is where we get the phrase "rule of thumb".

After consuming a bucket or two of vibrant brews they called aul, or ale, the Vikings would head fearlessly into battle often without armor or even shirts. In fact, the term "berserk" means "bare shirt" in Norse, and eventually took on the meaning of their wild battles.


24 hours in a day, 24 beers in a case. Coincidence?
-- Stephen Wright

People who drink "light beer" don't like the taste of beer; they just like to pee alot."
-- Capital Brewery, Middleton, WI

I feel sorry for people who don't drink.
When they wake up in the morning, that's as good as they're going to feel all day.
-- Frank Sinatra

You're not drunk if you can lie on the floor without holding on.
-- Dean Martin

He was a wise man who invented beer.
-- Plato

I'd rather have a bottle in front of me, than a frontal lobotomy.
-- Tom Waits

American Beer is a lot like making love in a row boat. It's fucking close to water!
-- Eric Idle (Monty Python)

Beer Jokes and Funny Thoughts

Ten Reasons Beer is Better Than Religion

10. No one will kill you for not drinking Beer.
  9. Beer doesn't tell you how to have sex.
  8. Beer has never caused a major war.
  7. They don't force Beer on minors who can't think for themselves.
  6. When you have a Beer, you don't knock on people's doors trying to give it away.
  5. Nobody's ever been burned at the stake, hanged or tortured over his brand of Beer.
  4. You don't have to wait 2000+ years for a second Beer.
  3. There are laws saying Beer labels can't lie to you.
  2. You can prove you have a Beer.
  1. If you've devoted your life to Beer, there are groups to help you stop.

More Jokes? >>> David's Basement Brewery



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